Aransas National Wildlife Refuge is a 114,657 acre (464 km²) protected area situated on the southwest side of San Antonio Bay along the Gulf Coast of the U.S. state of Texas. It is located in parts of Aransas, Refugio, and Calhoun counties. The Aransas National Wildlife Refuge was established by Executive Order 7784 on 31 December 1937 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt as the Aransas Migratory Waterfowl Refuge as a refuge and breeding ground for migratory birds and other wildlife. The name was changed in 1939. Bird life includes ducks, herons, egrets, ibises, Roseate Spoonbills, and the endangered Whooping Crane, whose population has recovered significantly since the 1940s. Other fauna include American Alligators, Collared Peccaries, snakes, and bobcats, which inhabit the refuge’s grasslands, blackjack oak thickets, freshwater ponds, and marshes.
Aransas National Wildlife Refuge
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